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Adobe Inc. Its flagship products include Adobe Photoshop image editing software; Adobe Illustrator vector-based illustration software; Adobe Acrobat Reader and the Portable Document Format PDF ; and a host of tools primarily for audio-visual content creation, editing and publishing. Adobe offered a bundled solution of its products named Adobe Creative Suite , which evolved into a subscription software as a service SaaS offering named Adobe Creative Cloud. In , Apple Computer licensed PostScript for use in its LaserWriter printers, which helped spark the desktop publishing revolution.
As of , Adobe has more than 26, employees worldwide. It also has major development operations in Noida and Bangalore in India. The company was started in John Warnock’s garage. Adobe’s corporate logo features a stylized “A” and was designed by graphic designer Marva Warnock, John Warnock’s wife. Their investors urged them to work something out with Jobs, so they agreed to sell him shares worth 19 percent of the company. Jobs paid a five-times multiple of their company’s valuation at the time, plus a five-year license fee for PostScript, in advance.
The purchase and advance made Adobe the first company in the history of Silicon Valley to become profitable in its first year. Warnock and Geschke considered various business options including a copy-service business and a turnkey system for office printing. Then they chose to focus on developing specialized printing software and created the Adobe PostScript page description language.
PostScript was the first truly international standard for computer printing as it included algorithms describing the letter-forms of many languages.
Adobe added kanji printer products in They weren’t able to work with Compugraphic, but then worked with Linotype to license the Helvetica and Times Roman fonts through the Linotron Warnock described the language as “extensible”, in its ability to apply graphic arts standards to office printing.
Adobe’s first products after PostScript were digital fonts , which they released in a proprietary format called Type 1 , worked on by Bill Paxton after he left Stanford. Apple subsequently developed a competing standard, TrueType , which provided full scalability and precise control of the pixel pattern created by the font’s outlines, and licensed it to Microsoft. In the mids, Adobe entered the consumer software market with Illustrator , a vector -based drawing program for the Apple Macintosh.
Illustrator, which grew from the firm’s in-house font-development software, helped popularize PostScript-enabled laser printers. For example, the fiscal year ended on November 27, In , Adobe introduced what was to become its flagship product, a graphics editing program for the Macintosh called Photoshop.
Stable and full-featured, Photoshop 1. In , Adobe acquired Ares Software Corp. Adobe released Adobe Media Player in April Adobe offered a discount on Dreamweaver for GoLive users and supports those who still use GoLive with online tutorials and migration assistance. On June 1, Adobe launched Acrobat. On November 10, , the company laid off a further employees. Adobe’s was marked by continuing front-and-back arguments with Apple over the latter’s non-support for Adobe Flash on its iPhone , iPad and other products.
As part of the acquisition, the source code of PhoneGap was submitted to the Apache Foundation , where it became Apache Cordova. In November , Adobe announced that they would cease development of Flash for mobile devices following version Instead, it would focus on HTML 5 for mobile devices. In December , Adobe opened a new ,square-foot 26, m 2 corporate campus in Lehi, Utah.
In , Adobe endured a major security breach. Vast portions of the source code for the company’s software were stolen and posted online  and over million records of Adobe’s customers have been made readily available for download. A class-action lawsuit alleging that the company suppressed employee compensation was filed against Adobe , and three other Silicon Valley -based companies in a California federal district court in The joint effort will speed time to showcase and enhance the execution of new Sensei-powered services for Adobe Creative Cloud and Experience Cloud clients and engineers.
The deal is closed on June 19, In September , Adobe announced its acquisition of marketing automation software company Marketo.
In January , Adobe announced its acquisition of 3D texturing company Allegorithmic. The event took place online and saw over 21 million total video views  and over 2. The software giant has imposed a ban on the political ads features on its digital advert sales platform as the United States presidential elections approach.
On August 19, , Adobe announced it had entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Frame. On September 15, , Adobe Inc formally announced that it will add payment services to its e-commerce platform this year, allowing merchants on their platform a method to accept payments including credit cards and PayPal. Adobe Photoshop Elements. Adobe Acrobat DC. Adobe Premiere Elements. Adobe Character Animator.
Adobe Presenter Video Express. A microstock agency that presently provides over 57 million high-resolution, royalty-free images and videos available to license via subscription or credit purchase methods.
In , Adobe acquired Fotolia, a stock content marketplace founded in by Thibaud Elziere, Oleg Tscheltzoff, and Patrick Chassany which operated in 23 countries. In March , Adobe released its Adobe Experience Platform, which consists family of content, development, and customer relationship management products, with what it calls the “next generation” of its Sensei artificial intelligence and machine learning framework.
In , Adobe was ranked 16th. Adobe received a five-star rating from the Electronic Frontier Foundation with regards to its handling of government data requests in Adobe has been criticized for its pricing practices,   with retail prices being up to twice as much in non-US countries. Adobe’s Reader and Flash programs were listed on “The 10 most hated programs of all time” article by TechRadar. Hackers have exploited vulnerabilities in Adobe programs, such as Adobe Reader, to gain unauthorized access to computers.
A report by security researchers from Kaspersky Lab criticized Adobe for producing the products having top 10 security vulnerabilities. Observers noted that Adobe was spying on its customers by including spyware in the Creative Suite 3 software and quietly sending user data to a firm named Omniture. Adobe has been criticized for pushing unwanted software including third-party browser toolbars and free virus scanners, usually as part of the Flash update process,  and for pushing a third-party scareware program designed to scare users into paying for unneeded system repairs.
On October 3, , the company initially revealed that 2. Many of the credit cards were tied to the Creative Cloud software-by-subscription service. After stealing the customers’ data, cyber-thieves also accessed Adobe’s source code repository, likely in mid-August Published on a server of a Russian-speaking hacker group ,  the “disclosure of encryption algorithms, other security schemes, and software vulnerabilities can be used to bypass protections for individual and corporate data” and may have opened the gateway to new generation zero-day attacks.
Hackers already used ColdFusion exploits to make off with usernames and encrypted passwords of PR Newswire ‘s customers, which has been tied to the Adobe security breach. In , Adobe acquired Aldus Corp. Furthermore, there have been reports that with changing subscriptions it is possible to avoid paying this fee. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
American multinational software company. Traded as. San Jose, California. Operating income. Net income. Main article: List of Adobe software. Graphic design software.
Adobe Photoshop. Adobe Illustrator. Adobe FrameMaker. Adobe InDesign. Adobe Lightroom. Adobe InCopy. Web design software. Adobe Dreamweaver. Video editing, animation, and visual effects software.
Adobe Spark Video. Adobe Premiere Pro. Adobe After Effects. Adobe Prelude. Adobe Animate. Adobe Captivate. Adobe Connect. Server software. Adobe ColdFusion. Adobe Content Server. Adobe LiveCycle. Audio editing software. Adobe Audition. Companies portal.
Adobe Captivate download free tutorial in pdf
The Economic Times. Computer Technology Innovators. Ipswich, Massachusetts: Salem Press. ISBN Archived from the original on October 22, Retrieved July 28, In the company of giants: candid conversations with the visionaries of the digital world. New York: McGraw Hill. Fearless genius : the digital revolution in Silicon Valley, — New York: Atria Books.
Radicals and visionaries. Entrepreneur Press. Print unchained: fifty years of digital printing, — and beyond: A saga of invention and enterprise. Google Finance. December 10, Archived PDF from the original on December 10, February 5, Industry Week. June 3, Archived from the original on October 11, Retrieved July 12, Industry News “. July 1, Archived from the original on September 11, Retrieved July 27, Archived from the original PDF on October 30, Retrieved August 20, USA Today.
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October 11, Retrieved May 12, Retrieved December 24, November 30, Retrieved December 1, Deseret News. The Verge. October 29, Retrieved March 7, November 7, October 2, Archived from the original on October 29, Retrieved October 30, Retrieved April 4, The Business Times. Retrieved May 23, June 19, Archived from the original on May 1, Retrieved September 22, Securities and Exchange Commission.
Retrieved November 21, Retrieved May 2, Archived from the original on May 17, July 31, Retrieved July 31, Bloomberg Technology. Retrieved June 21, October 7, Archived from the original on October 7, Retrieved September 15, Retrieved November 25, Retrieved September 6, It can do the same as the other two, but it can also detect the edges of an image once the user selects a starting point.
It detects by examining the color pixels as the cursor moves over the desired area. Closing the selection is the same as the other two, which should also should display the “marching ants” once the selection has been closed. The quick selection tool selects areas based on edges, similarly to the magnetic lasso tool.
The difference between this tool and the lasso tool is that there is no starting and ending point. For this reason, the selected area can be added onto as much as possible without starting over. By dragging the cursor over the desired area, the quick selection tool detects the edges of the image. The “marching ants” allow the user to know what is currently being selected. Once the user is done, the selected area can be edited without affecting the rest of the image.
One of the features that makes this tool especially user friendly is that the SHIFT key is not needed to add more to the selection; by default, extra mouse clicks will be added to the selection rather than creating a new selection.
The magic wand tool selects areas based on pixels of similar values. One click will select all neighboring pixels of similar value within a tolerance level set by the user. If the eyedropper tool is selected in the options bar, then the magic wand can determine the value needed to evaluate the pixels; this is based on the sample size setting in the eyedropper tool.
This tool is inferior to the quick selection tool which works much the same but with much better results and more intuitive controls. The user must decide what settings to use or if the image is right for this tool. The Eraser tool erases content based on the active layer. If the user is on the text layer, then any text across which the tool is dragged will be erased. The eraser will convert the pixels to transparent, unless the background layer is selected. The size and style of the eraser can be selected in the options bar.
This tool is unique in that it can take the form of the paintbrush and pencil tools. In addition to the straight eraser tool, there are two more available options — background eraser and magic eraser.
The background eraser deletes any part of the image that is on the edge of an object. This tool is often used to extract objects from the background. The magic eraser tool deletes based on similar colored pixels. It is very similar to the magic wand tool. This tool is ideal for deleting areas with the same color or tone that contrasts with the rest of the image. Using simple combinations of keys video layers can easily be modified, with other features such as adding text and creating animations using single images.
With the Extended version of Photoshop CS5, 2D elements of an artwork can easily become three-dimensional with the click of a button. Extrusions of texts, an available library of materials for three-dimensional, and even wrapping two-dimensional images around 3D geometry. Third-party plugins have also been added to the most recent version of Photoshop where technologies such as the iPad have integrated the software with different types of applications.
Applications like the Adobe Eazel painting app allows the user to easily create paintings with their fingertips and use an array of different paint from dry to wet in order to create rich color blending.
The program will feature cloud syncing with other devices and a simpler interface than the desktop version. The plug-in allows users to remove noise without the side-effect of over-sharpening, add grain, and even perform post-crop vignetting.
From version Artists can add color, adjust the shape or rotate the angles of imported models, or design original 3D models from scratch. The Color Replacement Tool allows the user to change the color, while maintaining the highlights and shadows of the original image, of pieces of the image. By selecting Brushes and right clicking, the Color Replacement Tool is the third option down.
What is important to note with this tool is the foreground color. The foreground color is what will be applied when painting along the chosen part of the image with the Color Replacement tool. Photoshop and derivatives such as Photoshopped or just Shopped have become verbs that are sometimes used to refer to images edited by Photoshop,  or any image manipulation program. The same happens not only in English but as the Portuguese Wikipedia entry for image manipulation attests, even in that language, with the trademark being followed by the Portuguese verb termination -ar, yielding the word “photoshopar” to photoshop.
Such derivatives are discouraged by Adobe  because, in order to maintain validity and protect the trademark from becoming generic , trademarks must be used as proper nouns. Photoshop’s naming scheme was initially based on version numbers, from version 0.
Adobe published 7 major and many minor versions before the October introduction of version 8. In February Adobe donated the source code of the 1. The first Photoshop CS was commercially released in October as the eighth major version of Photoshop. Photoshop CS increased user control with a reworked file browser augmenting search versatility, sorting and sharing capabilities and the Histogram Palette which monitors changes in the image as they are made to the document.
Match Color was also introduced in CS, which reads color data to achieve a uniform expression throughout a series of pictures. Photoshop CS2, released in May , expanded on its predecessor with a new set of tools and features. It included an upgraded Spot Healing Brush, which is mainly used for handling common photographic problems such as blemishes, red-eye, noise, blurring and lens distortion.
One of the most significant inclusions in CS2 was the implementation of Smart Objects, which allows users to scale and transform images and vector illustrations without losing image quality, as well as create linked duplicates of embedded graphics so that a single edit updates across multiple iterations. Adobe responded to feedback from the professional media industry by implementing non-destructive editing as well as the producing and modifying of Bit High Dynamic Range HDR images, which are optimal for 3D rendering and advanced compositing.
FireWire Previews could also be viewed on a monitor via a direct export feature. Image Warping makes it easy to digitally distort an image into a shape by choosing on-demand presets or by dragging control points. The File Browser was upgraded to Adobe Bridge, which functioned as a hub for productivity, imagery and creativity, providing multi-view file browsing and smooth cross-product integration across Adobe Creative Suite 2 software. Camera Raw version 3. Photoshop CS2 brought a streamlined interface, making it easier to access features for specific instances.
In CS2 users were also given the ability to create their own custom presets, which was meant to save time and increase productivity. CS3 improves on features from previous versions of Photoshop and introduces new tools. One of the most significant is the streamlined interface which allows increased performance, speed, and efficiency.
There is also improved support for Camera RAW files which allow users to process images with higher speed and conversion quality. The Black and White adjustment option improves control over manual grayscale conversions with a dialog box similar to that of Channel Mixer.
There is more control over print options and better management with Adobe Bridge. The Clone Source palette is introduced, adding more options to the clone stamp tool. Other features include the nondestructive Smart Filters, optimizing graphics for mobile devices,  Fill Light and Dust Busting tools.
CS3 Extended includes everything in CS3 and additional features. There are tools for 3D graphic file formats, video enhancement and animation, and comprehensive image measurement and analysis tools with DICOM file support.
As for video editing, CS3 supports layers and video formatting so users can edit video files per frame. They were also made available through Adobe’s online store and Adobe Authorized Resellers. CS4 features smoother panning and zooming, allowing faster image editing at a high magnification.
The interface is more simplified with its tab-based interface  making it cleaner to work with. Photoshop CS4 features a new 3D engine allowing the conversion of gradient maps to 3D objects, adding depth to layers and text, and getting print-quality output with the new ray-tracing rendering engine. It supports common 3D formats; the new Adjustment and Mask panels; content-aware scaling seam carving ;  fluid canvas rotation and File display options.
Adobe released Photoshop CS4 Extended, which has the features of Adobe Photoshop CS4, plus capabilities for scientific imaging, 3D, motion graphics, accurate image analysis and high-end film and video users.
The faster 3D engine allows users to paint directly on 3D models, wrap 2D images around 3D shapes and animate 3D objects. Photoshop CS5 was launched on April 12, In May , Adobe Creative Suite 5. Its version of Photoshop, The community also had a hand in the additions made to CS5 as 30 new features and improvements were included by request.
These include automatic image straightening, the Rule-of-Thirds cropping tool, color pickup, and saving a bit image as a JPEG. Another feature includes the Adobe Mini Bridge, which allows for efficient file browsing and management. A new materials library was added, providing more options such as Chrome, Glass, and Cork. The new Shadow Catcher tool can be used to further enhance 3D objects. For motion graphics, the tools can be applied to over more than one frame in a video sequence.
Photoshop CS6, released in May , added new creative design tools and provided a redesigned interface  with a focus on enhanced performance. Adobe Photoshop CS6 brought a suite of tools for video editing. Color and exposure adjustments, as well as layers, are among a few things that are featured in this new editor.
Upon completion of editing, the user is presented with a handful of options of exporting into a few popular formats.
CS6 brings the “straighten” tool to Photoshop, where a user simply draws a line anywhere on an image, and the canvas will reorient itself so that the line drawn becomes horizontal, and adjusts the media accordingly. This was created with the intention that users will draw a line parallel to a plane in the image, and reorient the image to that plane to more easily achieve certain perspectives.
CS6 allows background saving, which means that while another document is compiling and archiving itself, it is possible to simultaneously edit an image. CS6 also features a customizable auto-save feature, preventing any work from being lost. With version Adobe also announced that CS6 will be the last suite sold with perpetual licenses in favor of the new Creative Cloud subscriptions, though they will continue to provide OS compatibility support as well as bug fixes and security updates as necessary.
Starting January 9, , CS6 is no longer available for purchase, making a Creative Cloud license the only purchase option going forward. Photoshop CC As the next major version after CS6, it is only available as part of a Creative Cloud subscription. Major features in this version include new Smart Sharpen, Intelligent Upsampling, and Camera Shake Reduction for reducing blur caused by camera shake. Since the initial launch, Adobe has released two additional feature-bearing updates.
The first, version The major features in this version were Adobe Generator, a Node. Photoshop Version CC features improvements to content-aware tools, two new blur tools spin blur and path blur and a new focus mask feature that enables the user to select parts of an image based on whether they are in focus or not. Other minor improvements have been made, including speed increases for certain tasks.
Photoshop CC was released on June 15, Adobe added various creative features including Adobe Stock, which is a library of custom stock images. It also includes and have the ability to have more than one layer style.
The updated UI as of November 30, , delivers a cleaner and more consistent look throughout Photoshop, and the user can quickly perform common tasks using a new set of gestures on touch-enabled devices like Microsoft Surface Pro.
Photoshop CC was released on November 2, It introduced a new template selector when creating new documents, the ability to search for tools, panels and help articles for Photoshop, support for SVG OpenType fonts and other small improvements.
Photoshop CC version 19 was released on October 18, It featured an overhaul to the brush organization system, allowing for more properties such as color and opacity to be saved per-brush and for brushes to be categorized in folders and sub-folders. It also added brush stroke smoothing, and over brushes created by Kyle T. Webster following Adobe’s acquisition of his website, KyleBrush.
Other additions were Lightroom Photo access, Variable font support, select subject, copy-paste layers, enhanced tooltips, panorama and HEIF support, PNG compression, increased maximum zoom level, symmetry mode, algorithm improvements to Face-aware and selection tools, color and luminance range masking, improved image resizing, and performance improvements to file opening, filters, and brush strokes. Photoshop CC was released on October 15, Beginning with Photoshop CC version This version Introduced a new tool called Frame Tool to create placeholder frames for images.
It also added multiple undo mode, auto-commitment, and prevented accidental panel moves with lock work-space. Live blend mode previews are added, allowing for faster scrolling over different blend mode options in the layers panel. Admins manage apps in the Admin Console. Looking for Creative Suite apps?
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